how much did coal miners get paid in the 1980s
Farm laborers in Missouri earned an average $41.90/month in 1921. Survey covered only white families over a certain. Red Ash mine was also the location of a disaster in 1900, which killed forty-six miners. Recognizable name brand items in the price lists include Canada Dry Ginger Ale, Quaker Oats, Cream of Wheat, Hershey's Cocoa, Aunt Jemima Pancake Flour, Mazola Oil, Wesson Oil, Coleman's Mustard, Post Toasties, Morton's Salt, Knox Gelatin, Sun Maid Raisins, Palmolive soap, Log Cabin syrup, Del Monte canned goods, Heinz ketchup, Gold Medal flour, Carnation Milk, Life Savers candy, Bon Ami scouring powder, Lucky Strike cigarettes, Camel cigarettes, Scott Tissue toilet paper, and many other brand name items. April 26, 1942. Firedamp, described as the monster most dreaded by the practical miner, could explode if ignited by sparks or powder blasts, which would send fires raging through mine shafts with hurricane force. Compares average retail prices for grocery items in independent stores and in chain stores. Wages are shown in both German marks and contemporary U.S. dollars. After undercutting the face, the collier turned the crank on a five-and-a-half-foot-long breast auger and pushed with all his weight to bore a hole high on the face. Shows the weekly wages of various occupations in Swiss farming as well as the daily wages of day laborers. This source lists actual salaries paid to administrators in various lines of business. Took into account additional sources of income for farm families, such as income derived from animals or investments. This booklet shows prices for hotels and amenities such astelephone, restaurant meals,haircuts, bath house, etc. Describes the labor policy of New Zealand in the 1920's and throughout the rest of the early 20th century. $20.00 per week. Source: U.S. BLS. Miners would lie on their backs and use a pick to undercut the coal. Source: Federal Power Commission. 5-6. Shows average value of mortgaged homes, average debt remaining on the mortgages and average interest paid on mortgages annually, for 68 cities of 100,000 or more population. Source: U.S. BLS Bulletin #682, chapter 9: "Monthly earnings of professional engineers," pp. After workers had advanced the mine face to the end of the seam, veterans began the dangerous work of removing the massive coal pillars that stood between the rooms and helped support the mine top. Source: BLS, Shows wages of various industrial and agricultural gender, in both Romanian leu and contemporary U.S. dollars. Hourly Rate. Also shows rowboat and pack horse rental rates, cost for guided tours, and transportation fares. Shows the daily wages of various common and low-skill occupations like building laborers, canners, and rice mill workers throughout the state. 1920, Home plans and costs to build in California, 1920, Retail prices of building materials by city, 1922, Building material prices paid by farmers, 1923-1924, Cost to construct houses, by type of material - 1921, Building material prices paid by farmers, 1910-1960, Farm real estate - Average value by state and county, 1920, Price of farm land by county in selected states, 1912-1924, New England farms and land - Average value by county, 1920-1930, Farm real estate values in Midwestern states, 1912-2019, Land in Missouri - Cost to rent or buy by county, 1922, Rents in working class neighborhoods in Cincinnati, 1920, Household heating fuel costs and expenditures by city, 1927, Electricity - Average monthly bill, 1924-1950, Household electricity costs and expenditures by city, 1927, Changes in retail prices of electricity, 1923-38, Car prices with illustrations, 1900-1920s, Gasoline prices andtaxes, and annual consumption per vehicle, 1920-1939, Horse-drawn carriages, buggies and accessories, 1920, Horse and mule prices by state, 1919-1920, City transit fares in NY, PA, OH and MA - 1927, Streetcar, omnibus and subway rates, 1926, Passenger train fare in the U.S., 1871-1933, RR ticket prices between NYC and Chicago, 1910-1944, accessories (diapers, baby bottles, etc. Working in coal mines is dangerous miners have to deal with toxic . A Latvian immigrant and devout member of the Russian Orthodox Church of the Old Believers, Michael Simon wore this cross as he labored in Pennsylvania coal mines. Prices are shown in Japanese yen. Report published in 1925 mainly covers wages in manufacturing industries. Priced by the single unit. Source: BLS. Source: BLS. Covers elementary, junior high, and high school teachers in American cities with populations of 2,500 or more. It also summarizes the years from 1907-1922. Source: Howard University, States "the average student probably spends about $700 per year for a college education" and shows, This source shows the cost of funerals and burial in 18 states and in 10 major cities. Frank Keeney left no account of how he felt the day he entered the mine portal, but one imagines the dread that might have accompanied a ten-year-old boys first trip into the hole. 285, Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, No. Source: U.S. Congressional Serial Set vol. Management's steam whistle now set the times. Source: U.S. Dept of Agriculture. Link navigates to a record containing multiple years worth of this publication. Average earnings by occupation and districts. Source: Shows pay for state carpenters, stage electricians, props men, show directors, agents, ushers and more. Jump directly to prices for: meats and eggs, butter, cheese, milk, bread and flour, corn meal, rice, potatoes, granulated sugar, coffee and tea, onions, navy beans, prunes, raisins, canned salmon, evaporated milk, margarine, lard, oats, corn flakes, wheat cereal, macaroni, canned baked beans, canned corn, canned peas, canned tomatoes, bananas, oranges, and more. 408, Shows the wages of a variety of occupations in the capital of Argentina. Chart indicates hourly earnings ranges for piecework at automobile manufacturing companies in Germany. From, Earnings forveterinarians with governmentjobs, in scientific labs, in sales, or working as. Shows wages and hours of workers in the cotton industry over a 23 year period. MORE PRICES in the U.S. Coal Miners Between 1880 and 1920, southern West Virginia's population grew from 93,000 to 446,000, due almost entirely to the coal industry. Source: BLS, Shows the average daily wage in both yen and US dollars. Source: BLS Bulletins. Prices shown in marks. In 1974, the Environmental Protection Agency commissioned photojournalist Jack Corn to document the plight of the American coal miner in Appalachia. Source: BLS, Shows the daily wages of workers in the glass factories of northern France. Union wages by occupation and city, 1922-1928, Women's median wages by state and industry, 1910s-1920s, Cigarette packs - Average retail price by brand, 1929, Average college expenses and tuition by institution, 1928, Family budgets by income group, 1918-1930, https://libraryguides.missouri.edu/pricesandwages, Common labor - Average entrance wage rates, 1926-1934, Union wages by occupation and city, 1920-1921, Steam fitters' and sprinkler fitters' helpers, Structural-iron workers: finishers' helpers, Union wages by occupation and city, 1929-1930, Captains, masters, mates, pilots, and engineers, Maintenance-of-way employees: Gang foremen, Maintenance-of-way employees: Assistant gang foremen, Maintenance-of-way employees: Iron workers, Maintenance-of-way employees: Masons, bricklayers, and plasterers, Maintenance-of-way employees: Section laborers, Maintenance-of-way employees: Crossing and bridge flagmen and gatemen, War and postwar wages, prices, and hours, 1914-23 and 1939-44, Urban Negro weekly earnings by sex and occupational class, 1925, Negro wages by occupation - Chicago, 1920, Teacher salaries by race - North Carolina, 1922, Teacher salaries by race - Texas, 1925-1926, Accountants, auditors, bookkeepers, etc. Boys discovered that serious men turned into jokers when they toiled underground. Shows data on the number of nursing school graduates from 1880 to 1929 as well as salary information. Shows the average weekly hours and hourly wages for workers in the boot and shoe industry. (Click image for detail), Marie Concannon, Government Information Librarian Shows the weekly earnings for 9 occupations in Amsterdam, Haarlem, the Hague, and Rotterdam. From. West Virginias drift mines were cut into the mountains horizontally and its slope mines descended gradually into the earth. Shows data for 12 cities located in NY, OH, PA and MA, including NYC, Boston, Philadelphia and more. Its an era of company town labor we are not likely to see return as automation and renewable energy continue to render these kinds of occupations obsolete. Shows wages by occupation grouped by industries, with breakouts for males and females. Source: The cost of living among wage-earners, Cincinnati OH, pp. It provided a $1.20-a- day wage increase effective Jan, and an increase of 80 cents a day beginning April 1, 1959. A settlement was reached when the coal board added an extra pound to wage rates after two-and-a-half days' intensive negotiations at the industry's London headquarters. Mr. Published 1921. Mentions the wages paid to both skilled and unskilled workers in francs. Shows data for unskilled male laborers in each of 13 industries, as well as an overall average. The laborer's work is often made difficult by the water and rock which are found' in large quantities in coal veins. Source: U.S. Federal Trade Commission report. In the late 1800s mining was rough physical labor. The workday ended at 5:30 in the evening when the sunlight had already faded over the mountains. Wages are shown in both contemporary Yen and US dollars. More passenger air fares from other sources: Household items: Some New York City teacher and principal salaries are shown on the following page in Table 42. Cabinets and cookware. The industry has been in slow decline ever since, compounded along the way by the rise of steam engines, mechanized extraction methods, and competition from oil and natural gas, and now renewable energy. "75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" Source: U.S. Bureau of Education. Miners would lie on their backs and use a pick to undercut the coal. Wages are shown in Spanish pesetas. Miners waiting to start their shift at the Virginia-Pochahontas Coal Company mine near Richland, Virginia, in 1974. Shows the average weekly wages for a variety of occupations and industries in New Zealand. Purchasing power is represented in its equivalence in horses, wheat, the yearly wages of a skilled tradesperson, and others. The struggle between workers and managers in the workplace played out vividly in the Pennsylvania coal mines. Source: Describes the labor policy of Australia in the 1920's and throughout the rest of the early 20th century. Source: BLS Monthly Labor Review (April 1931). Broken out by men's and women's jobs. Includes clam, lobster, oyster industries and more. Salt operators eventually hired more white or free-black laborers due to the risk of investing money in bondsmen, who frequently were killed or injured in the mines. When young Frank Keeney walked through a mine portal in 1892, perhaps an older miner, maybe a neighbor, offered him some words of consolation or, at least, instruction as they traveled in and outof the mine on what was known as a man trip. Or he might have heard some words of warning from the older boys who led the mules and coal cars back and forth through the door he tended. Shows forty pages of incomedata with numerous breakouts. Also shows the averagecost to rent farm landor pastures by the acre, by county. Children's: Source: AAUP report. During the early 1900s, roof falls in the bituminous coal mines killed an average of 886 workers every year, as compared with the 274 deaths per year caused by explosions and fires. Boys younger than 12 often worked beside their fathers underground because, in many communities, it was the only paying job available. Part of a section on Negro women's wages. Shows the average daily wages of workers in various industries in Riga as well as other parts of Latvia. After the top fell, they returned to break and load the fallen coal before another layer of the top came crashing down with a tremendous roar. Constitution Avenue, NW Wages are shown in Brazilian milreis. PRICES in FOREIGN COUNTRIES, WAGES -- GENERAL SOURCES (all occupations and worker types), WAGES in AIRPLANE and AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING, 1920s. Includes a table showing. Board a ship to cross the wave; Wages are shown in Spanish pesetas. 514. Phone (573) 882-0748. Source: BLS. Shows average wages alongside a cost of living index for Germany between 1929-1942. "The fees and cost of books, instruments, board, room, laundry and incidentals will hardly be less than $400 per session of thirty-two weeks." Wages are shown in yen. Compares wages in common industries such as building, engineering, shipbuilding, textiles, railway, agriculture, printing, and in pottery. HEALTH CARE It was a dreadful experience Booker T. Washington never forgot. Source: BLS, Shows the average daily wages of day laborers, farm hands, clerks, bookkeepers, government employees, and army members in Lithuania. "The sum of $4,000 will buy only a very modest home and even then it will have to be in one of the smaller citiesor in a remote suburb of a large city." Corn visited coal mines and mountain communities from Virginia to Tennessee, photographing the working and domestic lives of miner families and their struggles with low wages, unsafe working conditions, and black lung disease. 297. Source: BLS, Shows prices of dozens of food and grocery items, soap, coal, wood by the cord, matches by the box and, Shows the amount spent by a typical Canadian family on food, laundry, fuel/lighting, and rent over time. It is not yet available to read online; check your local library for a printed copy. Shows by county the price of undeveloped land, plow land and farm land. Source: AAUP report, p. 162. Managements steam whistle now set the times. From the Newcomb-Endicott store, Detroit, Michigan. Source: Table shows 52 years of time-series prices on individual foods, such as. The following two tables shows the average daily earnings of industrial and building workers by occupation as well as in Moscow, Leningrad, and the Ural mountain region. Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, No. Men's: The legislature rejected all proposals for reform, however. Includes wage data for Chicago as well. Covers more than 1,200 cities. Shows expenditures by category with prices per article and amounts needed annually for a family of five. Source: BLS Monthly Labor Review (June 1931), Shows the average hours and daily wages of various workers in quarries, sawmills, and many other industries throughout Virginia. Handkerchiefs, slippers, watches, umbrellas, hair brushes and combs, Christmas decorations. Table 26 shows wages for laborers with board for every year from 1780-1937; the, In the 1920s, people could sell their blood to hospitals for$35-50 perquart. Engineers working for Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Co. used this model to visualize the coal seams and design their mines. Covers occupations in the building trades, metal trades, printing trades, coal mining and more. over the years. Tip: use the search tool to look for words like cents or rate. Source: This source is entirely about compensation of state and local government employees in New York. Wages are shown in shillings. At suppertime, youngsters like Frank would sit with the men on a pile of slate and listen as veterans of the mine would sing songs, spin yarns, and tell jokes; they would rib the boys, trick them for laughs, and tell them tall tales of the devilish apparitions that appeared to them down in the hole. A strong, skilled coal loader might fill five or more cars in a day. But Appalachian coal production peaked in 1918. These were the underground attitudes Frank Keeney absorbed as he entered manhood as a coal miner. Source: Cost of living and family expenditures in Kentucky, Tennessee and Texas. Source: 1934 Statistical Abstract of the United States. He also learned not to scare the miners beloved pigeons or to be afraid of mine rats, because these creatures could sense danger coming before it struck. Tables are broken down by occupation, sex, and state. Describes the labor policy of South Africa in the 1920's and throughout the rest of the early 20th century. This calculator allows you to compare the buying power of wages earned at different points in history. Wages are shown in Danish ore. Compensationby job titlefor New York City, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, San Francisco and more cities. Managers worried about competition, costs, and controlling workers who spoke multiple languages and labored out of view. Manufacturing wages -- SEE box further below. By 2003 that number had dipped to just 70,000. Includes the states of RI, NJ, OH, DE, OK, MO, GA, TN, AR, KY, SC, AL and MS. 664. Taken from the 1921 U.S. Department of Agriculture Yearbook, starting on page 804. Details the price of clothing for men, women, boys and girls on pp. Source: BLS, Shows the average wages for an 8 hour work day in Riga within various industry groups. Then, with their lamps casting a dim yellow light on the dark hillside, the men and boys disappeared one by one into the hole, like ants entering a colony. Under these terms, a hard worker could earn $2.00 for ten to twelve hours of labor, if the work was steady. It may be necessary to read the chapters pertaining to the country, but you can find the actual minimum wages in the discussion. Includes breakouts for those who lived with the family and those who did not. Prices are shown in Latvian rubles. Table shows average tax by acre for each state in 1929. The correct use of explosives depended on the miners skill and knowledge of how to drill, how much powder to use, and how to damp a charge properly. Wages are shown in contemporary U.S. dollars. Check the, Shows the daily rate of Utah coal mining workers in a variety of jobs and occupations. 523. Retail prices for brick, cement, lumber of various kinds, window glass, shingles, nails and more. Compares to national averages. Tables are broken down by type of job, gender of employee, and geography. Source: Hotel rates can often be found within the advertisements throughout the pages of the. Discussion puts wage data in context with price levels which were definitely affected by the wars. Source: U.S. Dept. In 1984 there were 174 deep coal mines in the UK by 1994 - the year the industry was finally privatized - there were just 15 left. Wages are shown in German marks. Source: BLS. Source: Lists costs of running a farm, including costs of power, labor, insurance, interest on loans, etc. Report published in 1921 tells wages for women working in offices, in meat and poultry packing, restaurants, food manufacturing, clothing manufacturing, laundries, and more. Wages are shown in French francs. Source: Shows lawyers' incomes instates and regions, by size of community served, by the age of the lawyer, number of years in practice, etc. All of these mines included a main entry, or portal, and a second tunnel, or monkey drift, which provided workers with ventilationa barely adequate suction through a surface grate created by a coal fire that burned all day. $180 - $5k. Veteran colliers knew competitive individualism bred greed, hostility, thievery, and a disregard for mine safety. For best detail, see the full chapters on. Total Pay. Wages are shown in Brazilian milreis and contemporary US dollars. Source: BLS, Shows the average daily wages for workers in different occupations in French coal mines. Earnings and prices are shown in Swiss francs. Others opened large wooden doors just before speeding cars passed through. "A good hotel room costs only $4-5 per day while a hospital charges $6 and $7." Source: BLS, Shows the wages of a variety of occupations both in and outside of Copenhagen, Denmark. Arthur Lewis. Coal companies also recruited in Europe. On one hand, the miners discipline and death-defying courage made them ideal industrial soldiers; on the other hand, the qualities the men forged in underground combat with the elementsbravery, fraternal fealty, and group solidarityhardened them for aboveground combat with their employers. Source: 1930 Census of Agriculture. 467. An experienced miner would often work calmly under conditions that would terrify a novice, wrote a veteran of the bituminous mines. This earlier catastrophe outraged Mother Jones, who spoke of it often on her organizing campaign that year, and it had triggered public pressure to improve the states mine safety laws. Source: BLS, Shows the retail prices of various foodstuffs in 10 large German cities. Shows the average weekly wages of various occupations in 8 different industries in Budapest. By 1850, approximately half of Kanawha Countys slaves worked in the salt industrymany mined coal to fuel the furnaces. When he lit the fuse, the lead miner hollered, Fire in the hole, and scuttled out of the room with his buddy. Income statistics of full time professional women were published in study by the Association of Business and Professional Women. The wage data is broken out by sex. Before the 1920s most miners were independent contractors. The lawmakers apparently agreed with West Virginias Republican governor, G. W. Atkinson, who said in 1901: It is but the natural course of mining events that men should be injured and killed by accidents.. Source: BLS, Shows the average daily wages and hours of a variety of occupations in Madrid. Wages shown in 1931 US dollars. Wages are shown in Austrian kronen. Shows the average daily wages of Japanese and Chinese workers in various occupations for the South Manchuria Railway Co. Wages are shown in both contemporary yen and US dollars. Keep your hand upon the dollar, Includes breakouts by state, source of income, and more. A man sometimes had to get down on his hands and knees, with his left shoulder, well padded, against the car, bracing himself with his toes against the ties and the dirt of the floor, wrote a former miner, while his partner controlled the brakes to keep the car from rolling back on the pusher if he slipped or grew tired. Back injuries, broken legs, and severed feet and fingers were common. Typically, workers could get an advance on pay, in company-issued paper currency, called scrip, or tokens to buy goods. Source: Bulletin #269 of the North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, "Farm Family Living Among White Owner and Tenant Operators in Wake County," pages 24-28. Unskilled labor hired by cities for construction, repair or cleaning of streets. Chain store prices for a pack of Lucky Strike, Chesterfield, Camel, Old Gold or Piedmont. This website does a good job of organizing a complex topic. Coal mining jobs - Hours and earnings, 1919-1933; Coal mining wages by state, 1923 Source: Miners' wages and the cost of coal: an inquiry into the wages system., pp. A strong, skilled coal loader might fill five or more cars in a day. In West Virginia, where mineswere cut near the mountaintops, the overburden was looser and more prone to collapse than in the deeper shaft mines of the North. Retreat mining was a risky business, but at least the miners engineered these cave-ins. Compares average retail prices for "warehoused" name brand grocery items at independent and chain stores in Cincinnati. During the Great Depression output was nearly halved from 680 million tons to 360 million. Source: BLS. Article compares the cost of renting versus buying a home in 1928. Shows the average retail prices of staple foodstuffs in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Mule drivers and trapper boys like Frank Keeney set out at six oclock every morning with the adult miners, who each carried a pick and auger, a can of black blasting powder, fuses, and a tamping rod. Source: American Druggist, January 1923 issue. Industrial home work was most common in clothing manufacturing and tobacco industries (rolling cigars, etc.) Includes drug items, toilet items, and miscellaneous items. Knickerbockers, shirts, high school boy's suits, boy's fine suits, overcoats, winter coats, jackets, pajamas, rain coats, caps and hats, shoes. Source: Shows the earnings per hour and week for sawmill workers over a 20 year period. Wages are shown in both Francs and contemporary US dollars. Instead of paying miners by the ton, they hired them as employees and paid an hourly wage. That the presidents persistent nostalgia for a yesteryear America had such visceral effect on rural voters only betrays the entrenched anxiety of a region where decline is a multi-generational way of life. 613. House paints, paint brushes, doors & windows, wrench sets, home improvement tools, steel safes, fencing, garden tools, wrenches & other assorted tools, water pumps, plows, milk cans, gasoline-powered generators. Includes many brand names. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce. Wages are shown in pounds, shillings, and pence. Also shows average family size in each state. by RACE Wages are shown in Spanish pesetas. View object record Miner's hat, about 1930 View object record Steam whistle With industrialization, workers lost control of when to start, eat, and end their day. Source: BLS, Shows the average retail prices of food, clothing, and fuel prices in Shanghai. Source: This short article about wages in Nanking, China reports barbers' earnings in US dollars. Some stopped the cars by jamming pieces of wood into the spokes. Source: BLS Monthly labor review, Oct 1927, Shows the average daily wages for 14 different occupations in the Florence district. West Virginias mine safety laws were the weakest in the nation. Wages are based on the average weekly full-time positions from large cities. Acquiring a sense of humor helped mask a workers dread of the mine, but joking was no substitute for learning how to be careful. In some cases, when a shot backfired out of the hole, it ignited coal dust or gas in the miners room and sent fire bursting into the main tunnel, where it could burn or suffocate the mules and their drivers passing through. Report published in 1923 gives wages for Arkansas women by occupation and race. Careless miners always fail. Wages shows in 1930 US dollars. 358, Average hours and earnings by occupation and district. FromTHE DEVIL HERE IN THESE HILLS(Atlantic Monthly Press), now out in paperback. Tools and hardware: Click "more" for direct links to wages in each occupation. Appalachian coal production has been on shaky ground almost since the industrys inception in the mid 19th century. Believed to be the worst coal mine disaster ever, an explosion at the Bnxh mine in Liaoning province killed 1,549 people in 1942. Prices are shown in contemporary US dollars. There was little prospect then that coal would be in demand as it is today or that the daily wage of miners would be multiplied 8 to 10 times by 1974. Safety sign in eight languages, about 1910. Coffee cost an average 47 per pound in 1920. Shows wages paid on American, Belgian, British, Danish, Dutch, French, Spanish and Swedish cargo ships, by occupations including seamen, engineers, first mates, second mates, radio operators, boatswains, firemen, coal passers, stewards, cooks, waiters, messmen, mess boys, carpenters, deck engineers, quartermasters, store keepers, donkey men, and more. Despite significant danger, miners received little compensation for injuries. 90%. Lists ticket prices in NYC, Boston, Philadelphia, Cleveland and eight more cities in NY, PA, OH and MA. Wages are shown in both Italian lire and contemporary U.S. dollars. When a miner and his helper approached the entry to their room, danger lurked in almost every move they made. Wages are shown in Spanish pesetas. Inside workers are further classified as (1) miners and laborers who cut and load coal onto conveyors or into mine cars, and (2) all other employees whose occupations relate to transportation, timbering, pumping, ventilation, and other general underground work. Infant's: Wages for workers engaged in the manufacture of iron and steel goods, machinery, railway rolling stock, boilers, vehicles, aircraft, electrical apparatus, scientific instruments and more. - Earnings, 1929, Farm workers' wages and income,1909-1938, Male farm labor average wages by state, 1929, Airplane pilot (commercial) - Salary, 1929, Barbers and hairdressers - Earnings, 1929, Baseball, major league - Player and umpiresalaries, 1929, Union wages in construction trades, 1913-1930, Union carpenter wages in selected cities for 1924-1925, Average hourly carpenter wage in U.S. for 1926, Carpenter wages for 1920-1928 for twelve major U.S. cities, Cement industry job wages and hours, 1929, Coal mining jobs - Hours and earnings, 1919-1933, Domestic (household) service - Male workers' wages, Executive salaries in private businesses, 1924, Teachers and principals' salaries by city, 1921-1922, School personnelsalaries by sex in selectedcities, 1926, Teacher's salaries by school level, 1924-1928, Illinois teachers salaries in high schools, 1920-1921, New York state teachers' salaries, 1920-1932, North Carolina teacher salaries by race, 1922, Texas school personnel salaries (white only), 1872-1953, Firemen and fire department salaries by city, 1927, Foundryand machine shop jobs - Wages and hours, 1923-1931, Administrative and supervisors pay in federal government, 1926, Iron and steel industry wages and hours, 1907-193, Lumber industry job wages and hours, 1921-1932, Military pay for officers on active duty - 1926, Mining metals - Wages and hours, 1924 and 1931, Mining - anthracite and bituminous coal, 1922 and 1924, Metalliferous mining job wages and hours, 1924, Nursing - Average salaries for public health and institutional nurses, 1927, Petroleum industry - Wages by occupation and state,1920, Seamen and firemen on ocean ships - Wages, 1914-1918, Slaughtering and meat-packing industry, 1921-1929, Street laborers (unskilled) - Wages and hours, 1928, Telegraph and cable industry - wages and salaries, 1922, Telephone industry - average compensation per employee, 1922, Typical fees charged for veterinary visits are described, 1926 annual salaries for individual veterinarians, Wages for thousands of occupations, indexed alphabetically - 1929, Manufacturing job hours and earnings, 1919-1960, Factory employee average annual wages - 1921, 1923, Industrial home work - Earnings, early 1920s, Automobile tire manufacturing wages, 1923, Motor vehicle industry job wages and hours, 1922-1928, Airplanes and aircraft engines manufacture - Hours and earnings, 1929, Boot, shoe, hosiery and underwear manufacturing wages, 1907-1920, Clothing (men's) manufacturing wages & hours, 1911-1932, Hosiery and underwear manufacturing - Wages & hours, 1907-1932, Woolen and worsted goods manufacturing: 1910 to 1930, Woolen and worsted goods manufacturing, 1907-1922, Furniture manufacturing industry - Wages and hours, 1910-1931, Pottery industry job wages and hours, 1925, Paper box-board industry job wages and hours, 1926, Professional and business women - Salaries and income, 1927, Library assistants - Earnings by city, 1923, Women employed as cleaners, maids, and elevator operators in Washington DC, 1920, Women's wages in the candy industry in St. Louis and Chicago, 1920-1921, Women's wages in candy industry - St. Louis, 1920-1921, Women employed as household servants in Philadelphia - late 1920s, Women's wages, hours, and earnings - South Carolina, 1921, Women in Tennessee industries - Hours, wages and working conditions, 1925, Colorado - Wages by occupation and industry, 1928, Union workers' annual earnings - New Haven CT, 1927, Teenagers' wages by occupation and sex in Detroit, 1922, Wage in the Missouri shoe industry, 1913-1922, Public school employee salaries - New York City, 1928, Ohio - Average annual wages and salaries by occupation, 1916-1932, Development of minimum wage laws in the U.S., 1912-1927, Minimum wage laws of the U.S., construction and operation, 1921, Wages by occupation in Buenos Aires, 1926, Buenos Aries - Average Wages, 1922, 1926, 1928-1929, Minimum wages in Sydney and Melbourne, 1914 and 1921, Wages and cost of living in Austria, 1920, Farm help wages in Canadian provinces by sex, 1920s, Wages by occupation in Canadian cities, 1920, Wages by occupation in Canadian cities, 1921, Wages by occupation in Canadian provinces, 1924-26, Wages and hours of labour - Canada, 1920-1926, Wages in boot and shoe industries in France, 1924, "Real wages" in Germany by industry, 1923, Automobile manufacturing wages in Germany, 1929, Wages and hours in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1924, average weekly earnings by industry and sex, Wages by industry in Great Britain, 1914-1921, Wages in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1924-1928, Wages in Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1924-1932, Agricultural trades - Minimum wage in Great Britain, 1920, Building trades - Wages by city in the UK, 1920, Iron and steel industry wages in Great Britain, 1926, Coal miner earnings in Great Britain, 1921-23, Judges of county courts (UK) - Salary, ca.